MIS 3000 Midterm Exam

MIS 3000 Midterm Exam

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MIS 3000 Midterm Exam

Question 1 1. A group of components that interact to achieve some purpose is referred to as a(n) ________. process element system entity 5 points Question 2 1. Which of the following statements best describes Moore's Law? The speed of a computer doubles every 18 months. A computer becomes obsolete within 18 months. The total number of transistors produced in the world doubles every 18 months. The number of transistors per square inch on an integrated chip doubles every 18 months. 5 points Question 3 1. As a result of Moore's Law, ________. the risk of technology becoming obsolete has decreased the price to performance ratio of computers has fallen dramatically smaller chip manufacturers are able to reduce investments in research and development software prices have come down dramatically 5 points Question 4 1. Which of the following distinguishes information systems from information technology? hardware software data people 5 points Question 5 1. Which of the following statements on password etiquette is true? Never access an information system from a computer that is connected to the Internet. If someone asks for your password, do not just give it out. Always back-up your password by writing it down. Never use the password more than three times a day. 5 points Question 6 1. Peter is an engineer working in the United States. In accordance with Moore's Law, which of the following is a nonroutine cognitive skill that would provide him with job security? programming skills systems thinking data entry skills tax accounting 5 points Question 7 1. Creating and testing promising new alternatives, consistent with available resources, is an example of ________. systems thinking experimentation abstraction collaboration 5 points Question 8 1. The five-component framework of an information system consists of computer hardware, software, data, people, and ________. bugs tools device drivers procedures 5 points Question 9 1. ________ involves making a reasoned analysis of an opportunity, envisioning potential solutions, evaluating those possibilities, and developing the most promising ones, consistent with the resources one has. Abstraction Random sampling Systems thinking Experimentation 5 points Question 10 1. In a job interview, you are asked to make a group presentation with four other interviewees. You are required to form a team and then compete with other groups to win the presentation contest. Which of the following skills is your interviewer trying to test? abstract reasoning collaboration ability to experiment systems thinking 5 points Question 11 1. ________ is the activity of two or more people working together to achieve a common goal, result, or work product. Venturing Collaboration Enterprising Assimilation 5 points Question 12 1. Which of the following is a valid reason for a company to create a new information system? Most companies in the industry use information systems. The dynamic nature of the company has led to new requirements. The company needs to project a modern image. The company does not want to fall behind the technology curve. 5 points Question 13 1. In the IS framework, ________ is/are the bridge between the computer side on the left and the human side on the right. information technology procedures data systems 5 points Question 14 1. ________ represent the movement of data from one activity to another. Data flows Data modules Data charts Data buses 5 points Question 15 1. According to the business process modeling notation, the end of a business process is symbolized by a ________. circle having a thick border square having a narrow border square having a thick border circle having a narrow border 5 points Question 16 1. John Reed's height is 6 feet 3 inches. John's finding is an example of ________. data substance content information 5 points Question 17 1. A monthly report that arrives 6 weeks late is an example of information that is not ________. relevant timely accurate sufficient 5 points Question 18 1. A ________ is a network of activities, roles, resources, repositories, and data flows that interact to accomplish a business function. task force grid business process workgroup 5 points Question 19 1. Activities within a business process are shown in ________. rectangles diamonds squares circles 5 points Question 20 1. As the CEO of a call center, which of the following information is good information for you? hourly variances of performance parameters in each queue lists of stationery usage consolidated weekly department-level averages of revenue generation figures daily reports of call abandons due to system downtime 5 points Question 21 1. Automation of a process activity consists of moving work from the ________ of the symmetrical five-component framework. software side to the hardware side computer side to the human side human side to the computer side data side to the procedures side 5 points Question 22 1. Inducing buyers to purchase the product and providing a means for them to do so describes which of the following primary activities? outbound logistics operations/management sales and marketing inbound logistics 5 points Question 23 1. Manufacturing systems use ________ to reduce inventory costs. margins linkages value chains support activities 5 points Question 24 1. An organization responds to the structure of its industry by choosing a(n) ________ strategy. growth leadership operational competitive 5 points Question 25 1. Porter originally developed the five forces model to determine ________. the means by which to improve industrial viability the nature of competitive industrial environments the reason why certain industries collapse the potential profitability of an industry 5 points Question 26 1. Porter's five competitive forces can be grouped into two types: forces related to ________ and forces related to supply chain bargaining power. consumers labor competition pricing 5 points Question 27 1. Which of the following is least likely to be an outcome of organizations forming alliances with each other? establishment of standards increase in purchasing costs promotion of product awareness development of market size 5 points Question 28 1. The competitive strategy of an organization determines its ________. structure short-term goals value chains ndustry rivals 5 points Question 29 1. Which device listed below is an example of an output hardware device? magnetic disk CPU flatbed plotter keyboard 5 points Question 30 1. Which of the following operating systems is most commonly used? Windows Unix Linux Mac OS 5 points Question 31 1. An individual buying a computer program ________. can also use most other programs using the license just buys a license to use the product can install the program on multiple computers accrues liability for the usage of the program 5 points Question 32 1. Users employ ________ computers for word processing, spreadsheets, database access, and so forth. cached licensed volatile client 5 points Question 33 1. Every computer has a(n) ________, which is a program that controls that computer's resources. instruction set browser operating system central processing unit 5 points Question 34 1. A ________ is 1,024 bytes. kilobyte terabyte megabyte gigabyte 5 points Question 35 1. ________ is an international standard language for processing a database. Hypertext Markup Language Dynamic HTML Sybase Language Structured Query Language 5 points Question 36 1. A table is also called a ________. matrix record file field 5 points Question 37 1. Which of the following is an example of an enterprise DBMS product? FoxPro DB2 dBase Paradox 5 points Question 38 1. A ________ is a self-describing collection of integrated records. datachart datasheet database data record 5 points Question 39 1. Which of the following functions of a database involves setting up user accounts, passwords, permissions, and limits for processing the database? modifying the database administering the database processing the database creating the database 5 points Question 40 1. ________ is the ability to make and manipulate models. Experimentation Abstract reasoning Systems thinking Social learning 5 points Question 41 1. You have created a password which meets all the criteria for a strong password. What is a potential drawback of such a password? It will create IP address conflicts in networks. It will be very long. It will be difficult to remember. It can be easily guessed. 5 points Question 42 1. Patricia is the marketing manager at a manufacturing firm. She develops ideas and plans with her subordinates and provides and receives critical feedback. Here, Patricia is displaying effective ________. abstraction collaboration systems thinking experimentation 5 points Question 43 1. Which of the following is an example of the hardware component of an information system data file operating system web browser microprocessor 5 points Question 44 1. Which of the following is true regarding characteristics of good information? Information needs to be more than just barely sufficient for the purpose for which it is generated. Information that is accurate can be based on incomplete data. Information must hold an appropriate relationship between its cost and its value. Information must be just recorded facts and figures. 5 points Question 45 1. ________ is defined as recorded facts or figures. Content Information Substance Data 5 points Question 46 1. ________ is the ratio of benefits to costs. Efficacy Effectiveness Effort Efficiency 5 points Question 47 1. Which of the following is true of a value-chain? It nullifies the importance of support activities. It is a network of value-creating activities. It consists of only primary activities. It is specific to manufacturing industries. 5 points Question 48 1. Because the cost of data storage and data communications is essentially zero, any routine skill will be ________. performed in-house by semi-skilled professionals outsourced to a vendor who is geographically closer outsourced to the lowest bidder performed in-house by skilled professionals 5 points Question 49 1. Which of the following is true of a client? They can process emails or large shared databases. They have limited video displays or no display at all. They usually have multiple CPUs. They have software that enables them to connect to a network. 5 points Question 50 1. CPU speed is expressed in ________. bytes hertz bits meters per second 5 points Question 51 1. Which of the following is a DBMS product from Microsoft? DB2 Sybase ASE SQL Server MySQL 5 points Question 52 1. Which of the following describes a byte? a collection of data a character of data a group of columns a group of rows 5 points Question 53 1. Which of the following marketable skills is the most useful in overcoming the fear of failure? ability to experiment collaboration abstract reasoning systems thinking 5 points Question 54 1. ________ thinking centers on the self. Egocentric Empathetic Paranoid Cognitive 5 points Question 55 1. In Porter's five factor model, each of the three competitive forces concerns the danger of ________. employees not working toward organizational goals investors refusing to back up new projects customers taking their business elsewhere suppliers favoring rival companies 5 points Question 56 1. Which of the following is true of in-house custom-developed software? Custom-developed software require no adaption even if needs change. The organization has to tailor its applications to the software. They are less expensive than off-the-shelf software. They are easy and comparatively cheap to make. 5 points Question 57 1. The name of the field and the data type would be an example of ________. metadata a closed matrix datamining factors an open matrix 5 points Question 58 1. If someone asks for your password, ________. go over to that person's machine and enter your password yourself provide the password through an e-mail ensure that they have a good reason to need access to your account and give them the password adamantly refuse to provide the password 5 points Question 59 1. Which of the following are actors in an information system? software and hardware procedures and people hardware and people data and software 5 points Question 60 1. In which of the following cases is the strength of competitive forces low? when rival products are priced high when switching costs are high when finding rival products is easy when customer loyalty to the brand or company is low

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